It is possible to produce chemical-free plant and animal products using organic farms. The methods include crop rotation, compost, biological pest control and mechanical cultivation. Synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, engineered farming application, livestock feed additives, etc. are not used. This mode of farming is practiced in most parts of the continents. The sale of organically produced food have rocketed over the past years. Practice of organic farming has spread to many parts of the world increasing the production of chemical-free farm products.
Organic farm aims to optimize the productivity within an agro-ecosystem. It creates an enterprise that is sustainable and harmonious with the environment. Nutrients from decomposed living organisms keep the soil fertile. These dead matter nourishes the soil. Farms for organic production should be kept natural for at least three years before using them.
Farmers choose not to use chemical substances in organic farming. Success of an organic farm is dictated by its proper management. This entails developing feasible strategies.
Despite the difficulties of organic production of fruits and flowers, many organic plants can still be produced. Livestock products like dairy products can as well be produced organically.
Animals are fed with feeds that are organic only while chemicals like growth hormones and insecticides are avoided. Produce from natural farms has to be certified.
The use of organic farm is of great advantage. Chemical-free farming can easily be done. Less expense is incurred as there no purchase of industrial substances like fertilizers made. Using compost, crop rotation and biological pest control improves the fertility of the soil. Food produced by organic farming are healthy. These foods are safe for consumption.
Oraganic farming is environmentally friendly with no risk of soil pollution and degradation. The farmer is also able to bring food self-sufficiency by practicing organic farming.
Organic farms has to be properly managed and one ought to have knowledge on how to practice this alternative form of farming. Despite the popularity, organic products are costly due to the heavy manual input. Getting organic certification tends to be expensive.
High labor required is a disadvantage to production on organic farms. This alternative method of farming needs knowledge and the know-how of production to succeed.
Organic farming can be very challenging at the beginning for farmers. This is caused by the period requiring the farmer to manage the farm by organic practices before certification of the produce. There is problem of cash flow caused by unstable yields and the transition period and farmers might choose do it in stages.
Exported organic produce must meet the required standards of the importing country which are negotiated through international agreements.
Organic farming is a good alternative production despite the challenges. There is need to embrace this form of farming and create workable strategies that will solve the problems faced in production. This involves determining the cause of the problem and finding solutions to avoid or reduce it.
Farmers ought to be taught and encouraged to practice organic farms.